Catuai Amarillo, Yellow Catuai, is a dwarf hybrid of Mundo Novo and Caturra, crosbred by Instituto Agronomico do Campinas in Brazil in 1949. Together with Catuai Rojo, Red Catuai, it is a highly resistant cultivar suitable for growing in high altitudes and windy areas. Both Catuais have very refined and clean acidity, although in the cup they are barely distinguishable. Catuai trees are widely grown around Latin America, especially in areas with strong winds or high annual precipitation since its short stature is tolerant to these natural elements.
Most of our Catuai trees are of the yellow variety and approximately (x) years old. You can view our cupping reports of Los Lajones Catuai coffees from the previous crops here.
Caturra is a higher yielding mutation of Bourbon variety, discovered in 1935 near the town Caturra in Brazil and later spread around Central America and Colombia.
It is a dwarf varietal with good cup quality (bright acidity, low-to-medium body, less clarity and sweetness than Bourbon) but requires extensive care and fertilization. Its higher yield is caused by a single gene mutation, which has reappeared in other instances, creating the Pacas variety of El Salvador and the Villa Sarchi variety of Costa Rica. It is short with a thick core and has many secondary branches. It has large leaves with wavy borders similar to Bourbon but smaller. It adapts well to almost any environment, but does best around 1,500 masl (5,500 ft) with annual precipitation between 2,500-3,500 mm. At higher altitudes quality increases, but production decreases.
Geisha / Gesha
Probably the most famed and sought after coffee cultivar nowadays. Geisha (or correctly gesha) was discovered in Abyssinia, south-western Ethiopia in 1931. The Ethiopian lineage, although not clear, is ascribed to Geisha predominantly because of its appearance and cup character. The long seed shape somehow resembles Harrar long berry coffees from south west of Ethiopia.
In 2002, Daniel Peterson from Hacienda La Esmeralda found a few trees on his farm that were later discovered to be of gesha pedigree. How this varietal got to Jaramillo in Boquete, Panama is still unclear. Geisha trees grow very tall and have a distinctive broad, thin and soft leaves, prolific evenly spaced branching and excellent fruit bunching. To achieve the extraordinary cup profile (high sweetness, superior cleanliness, notes of berries, mandarin oranges, mango, papaya and distinct bergamot-like finish) the geisha trees need to be grown in extremely high elevations.
Our geisha plantation can thus be found at the very top of Los Lajones Estate, as high as 2,000 masl (6,500 ft). In the year 2008, we planted around (x) new trees in the shade of bamboo trees. We believe that bamboo creates a unique conditions …
In 1958, the Salvadoran Coffee Research Institute (ISIC) bred together Pacas and Maragojipe (Maragogype) to create the new variety Pacamara. Pacas is a Salvadoran high yield mutation of the arabica hybrid “San Ramón Bourbon”, which was discovered in 1956 by two of the most prominent coffee producers of El Salvador, Don Alberto Pacas and Don Francisco De Sola with the help of Dr. William Cogwill of the University of Florida.
Maragojipe (Maragogype) is a giant Typica a variety with large beans, high acidity, and a delicious flavor profile. In fact, Pacamara has a very specific cup profile. Either people love it or hate it. The higher the Pacamara is grown, the better it cups. The flavor profile can demonstrate strong floral and spicy notes together with surprising balance and medium body.
Arabica Typica is the original cultivar discovered in the Kaffa Rainforest in Ethiopia centuries ago. Typica was the first coffee in the New World brought there by a French Naval officer in the 1700’s. In 1720 thousands of seedlings were sent to the French colony in Martinique.
Typica has since spawned many mutations resulting in sub-types such as Hawaii Kona, Jamaican Blue Mountain, Java Typica, Guatemala Typica and Jember among others. Kent is for example a Typica mutation grown in India. Typica are low yielding varietals but have an excellent cup quality with sweet, distinct acidity and pleasant aftertaste. All should be tall with conical shape and dark tips.
Coffea Arabica Purpurea or Purpurascens is spread all around in Central America. A few trees can be usually found on any old farm (30 years old) around the area. There is close to 150 trees on Los Lajones farm in Boquete. We had cup this coffee with good scores, although nothing exceptional yet. We will try to make some honey coffee with this variety during this crop.